Canada started as a colony and remained one in exploitative spirit, practice, and reality, until 1982. However it still retains the spirit and far too many of the practice. We remain exploiters of people, places, and resources, dependent of exports that are developed then sold back to us for the benefit of the colonizers. We were a British colony, then an American one, and we're now aiming to serve China, multinational corporate shareholders, or our own pension fund investments. We actually colonize ourselves now, mercenary self-exploiters too dependent to break free and develop our labour labour, land, and resources for our own good.
We were never a confederation. Our present federation recognizes only two participants and founders. However there was a third "nation', actually many independent nations, who made legally binding treaties with the anglophone and francophone "nations" that enabled Canada to develop and grow past infancy. Treaties without which there could have been no Canada in its current form. Treaties immediately ignored as the government pushed the majority of the nations out of the way and waited for their inevitable doom to take away the Indian Problem. When it didn't they tried to kill the inner Indian.The walking wounded of the Betrayed Nations of America are everywhere among us. We continue to blame the victims of the crimes of colony and glorify the criminals.
Maturity as a modern diverse democratic state requires not only reconciliation, but the reformation of our federation and the renewal and return to the founding treaties.
The Confederation of Canada needs to grow-up and realize who it really is and always should have been, a peaceful federation of the Treaty Nations of Canada. We need to fully abandon the dependent mentality of dominion in service to foreign empire and end the exploitation of our colonial culture. Ditching the symbolic monarchy and its patriarchal governors for a Canadian head of state perhaps elected from a senate turned into an Assembly of Founding Nations, representing all provinces, territories, and First Nations.
- National Elder and Regional Elders
- National Chief and Regional Chiefs
- Treaty Grand Chief and Treaty Chiefs
- Treaty Chief and Treaty Elders
- Assembly Grand Chief and Assembly Chiefs
- Treaty Speaker and Regional Speakers
- Grand Elder and Regional Elders
- Treaty Guide and Regional Guides
- Assembly Guide and Regional Elders
I am a child of colonization benefiting from a treaty inheritance, stolen from the siblings who shared it freely.
I am a citizen of Treaty Nations of Canada, bound by agreements and respect for fellow citizens.
I am Canadian.
How to count the country’s age may depend on how you look at things.
You don't look a day past 149
The year 2017 marks 150 years since Confederation. Or rather, what we've come to call Confederation.
Canada is actually a federation, but the term Confederation caught on in the in the 19th century and it stuck — we've named squares and bridges after it, we refer to the "Fathers of Confederation" (and the Mothers too!), and the word has come to represent the country and the events that created it.
Union wasn't a new concept — the idea was first presented in early 1800s, and the Act of Union in 1840 saw Upper and Lower Canada (English- and French-speaking Canada respectively, more or less) tie the knot to form the Province of Canada.
On July 1, 1867, it was just four provinces (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) that composed the new Dominion of Canada. The rest of the provinces and territories joined and were formed over time, Nunavut being the most recent, which officially separated from Northwest Territories in 1999. So you could say that Canada as we know it — ten provinces and three territories — is turning 18.
Your ID says 35
In 1982, Canada "patriated" the constitution, a political process that led to Canadian sovereignty, allowing Canadians to amend our Constitution without requiring Britain's approval. This, the Constitution Act of 1982, was a landmark event and enacted our Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Yes, this declaration of independence took place in the '80s, and it was in 1982 that "Dominion Day," aka July 1, was renamed in Parliament to "Canada Day."
Oh Canada, you millennial, you.
(And if we're being technical, the Constitution Act itself cleaned up a bit of unfinished business from the Statute of Westminster in 1931, in which Britain granted each of the Dominions full legal autonomy if they chose to accept it. All but one Dominion — that would be us, Canada — chose to accept every resolution. Our leaders couldn't decide on how to amend the Constitution, so that power stayed with Britain until 1982.)
Our home on Native land?For many Indigenous people (and non-Indig people, too), Canada exists on stolen land. While multiple First Nations have treaty agreements with Canada, others do not; there are unceded territories, and broken treaties too.
some argue would make the occupation of most of B.C. illegal in our own laws — a position not shared by the Province of British Columbia, it should be noted.
Sesquicen... what?Sesquicentennial. Ses·qui·cen·ten·ni·al. It means a one-hundred-and-fiftieth anniversary, and if you perfect the pronunciation it's a real crowd pleaser.
You're not the only oneThe coming year isn't being touted as a big anniversary for just Canada: Montreal is marking 375 years since Fort Ville-Marie was founded in 1642, and in sports, the National Hockey League is celebrating its centennial year and the Ottawa Senators their 25th.
A year by any other nameCall it Canada 150 or simply 2017, this year is an occasion to reflect back and look forward; 2017 marks 150 years since a turning point in history, but the future is ever open.
It's your birthday, Canada, make a wish. Make it count.